Who is Joshua?

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Attributed traditionally to Joshua, except  the last five verses which decribe Joshua’s death and legacy believed to have been written approximately 1375 B.C.

Joshua 24:29-33

Joshua 24:29-33
English: King James Version (1611) - KJV

29 And it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old. 30 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathserah, which is in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash. 31 And Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the LORD, that he had done for Israel. overlived...: Heb. prolonged their days after Joshua 32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. pieces...: or, lambs 33 And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to Phinehas his son, which was given him in mount Ephraim.  

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While disobedient Israelites continue, God tells Joshua to lead the people into Canaan, their promised land.

In Jericho, first major obstacle when the prostitute Rahab helps Israelite spies then earned protection from the destruction of the city as God knocks the walls flat when Joshua’s army marches outside in unison, shouting and blowing trumpets.

Joshua leads a successful military campaign to clear idol-worshipping people – Hittites. Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites,Hivites, and Jebusites – from the land.

God answers Joshua’s prayer to make the sun stand still, allowing more time to complete a battle.

Joshua 10:1-15

Joshua 10:1-15
English: King James Version (1611) - KJV

10 1 Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; 2 That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty. royal...: Heb. cities of the kingdom 3 Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, 4 Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel. 5 Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it. 6 And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us. 7 So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour. 8 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee. 9 Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, and went up from Gilgal all night. 10 And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. 11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword. 12 Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. stand...: Heb. be silent 13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. Jasher: or, the upright? 14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel. 15 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.  

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Major cities subdued, Joshua divides the land among the twelve tribes of Israel, reminding the people to stay true to the God who led them home.

Joshua 24:23

Joshua 24:23
English: King James Version (1611) - KJV

23 Now therefore put away, said he, the strange gods which are among you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel.  

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Joshua is one of few major Bible characters who seemed to do everything right — he was a strong  leader, completely committed to God, who never fell into recorded sins or disobedience.

Only one mistake mars his record: Joshua’s experience with the Gibeonites, one of the local groups he should have destroyed. Fearing for their lives, they appeared before Joshua dressed in old clothes, carrying dry, moldy bread, claiming they had come from a faraway land.

Joshua and the Israelite leaders “ask not counsel at the mouth of the Lord” (Joshua 9:14

Joshua 9:14
English: King James Version (1611) - KJV

14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD. the men...: or, they received the men by reason of their victuals  

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) and agreed to a peace treaty. When Joshua learned the truth, he honored his agreement with the Gibeonites – but made them slaves.

 

 

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